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用javascript替换URL中的参数值示例代码

今天遇到一个需要用javascript将url中的某些参数替换的需求,想起了不久前从网上淘到了一个parseUrl函数,正好可以借此实现,代码整理如下:
复制代码 代码如下:

//分析url
function parseURL(url) {
    var a = document.createElement('a');
    a.href = url;
    return {
        source: url,
        protocol: a.protocol.replace(':', ''),
        host: a.hostname,
        port: a.port,
        query: a.search,
        params: (function () {
            var ret = {},
            seg = a.search.replace(/^\?/, '').split('&'),
            len = seg.length, i = 0, s;
            for (; i < len; i++) {
                if (!seg[i]) { continue; }
                s = seg[i].split('=');
                ret[s[0]] = s[1];
            }
            return ret;

        })(),
        file: (a.pathname.match(/\/([^\/?#]+)$/i) || [, ''])[1],
        hash: a.hash.replace('#', ''),
        path: a.pathname.replace(/^([^\/])/, '/$1'),
        relative: (a.href.match(/tps?:\/\/[^\/]+(.+)/) || [, ''])[1],
        segments: a.pathname.replace(/^\//, '').split('/')
    };
}

//替换myUrl中的同名参数值
function replaceUrlParams(myUrl, newParams) {
    /*
    for (var x in myUrl.params) {
        for (var y in newParams) {
            if (x.toLowerCase() == y.toLowerCase()) {
                myUrl.params[x] = newParams[y];
            }
        }
    }
    */

    for (var x in newParams) {
        var hasInMyUrlParams = false;
        for (var y in myUrl.params) {
            if (x.toLowerCase() == y.toLowerCase()) {
                myUrl.params[y] = newParams[x];
                hasInMyUrlParams = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        //原来没有的参数则追加
        if (!hasInMyUrlParams) {
            myUrl.params[x] = newParams[x];
        }
    }
    var _result = myUrl.protocol + "://" + myUrl.host + ":" + myUrl.port + myUrl.path + "?";

    for (var p in myUrl.params) {
        _result += (p + "=" + myUrl.params[p] + "&");
    }

    if (_result.substr(_result.length - 1) == "&") {
        _result = _result.substr(0, _result.length - 1);
    }

    if (myUrl.hash != "") {
        _result += "#" + myUrl.hash;
    }
    return _result;
}

//辅助输出
function w(str) {
    document.write(str + "<BR>");
}

var myURL = parseURL('http://abc.com:8080/dir/index.html?id=255&m=hello#top');
w("myUrl.file = " + myURL.file)     // = 'index.html' 
w("myUrl.hash = " + myURL.hash)     // = 'top'  
w("myUrl.host = " + myURL.host)     // = 'abc.com'
w("myUrl.query = " + myURL.query)    // = '?id=255&m=hello'
w("myUrl.params = " + myURL.params)   // = Object = { id: 255, m: hello }  
w("myUrl.path = " + myURL.path)     // = '/dir/index.html'  
w("myUrl.segments = " + myURL.segments) // = Array = ['dir', 'index.html']
w("myUrl.port = " + myURL.port)     // = '8080'  
w("myUrl.protocol = " + myURL.protocol) // = 'http'  
w("myUrl.source = " + myURL.source)   // = 'http://abc.com:8080/dir/index.html?id=255&m=hello#top'

var _newUrl = replaceUrlParams(myURL, { id: 101, m: "World", page: 1,"page":2 });

w("<BR>新url为:")
w(_newUrl); //http://abc.com:8080/dir/index.html?id=101&m=World&page=2#top   
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