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使用PHP备份MYSQL数据的多种方法

下面提供两种方法,仅供研究使用。

第1种方法:

复制代码 代码如下:

<?php
$host="localhost";
$user="root";
$password="";
$dbname="dbname";

mysql_connect($host,$user,$password);
mysql_select_db($dbname);
$mysql= "set names utf8;";
mysql_query($mysql);
$q1=mysql_query("show tables");
while($t=mysql_fetch_array($q1)){
$table=$t[0];
$q2=mysql_query("show create table `$table`");
$sql=mysql_fetch_array($q2);
$mysql.=$sql['Create Table'].";\n";

$q3=mysql_query("select * from `$table`");
while($data=mysql_fetch_assoc($q3)){
$keys=array_keys($data);
$keys=array_map('addslashes',$keys);
$keys=join('`,`',$keys);
$keys="`".$keys."`";
$vals=array_values($data);
$vals=array_map('addslashes',$vals);
$vals=join("','",$vals);
$vals="'".$vals."'";
$mysql.="insert into `$table`($keys) values($vals);\n";
}
$mysql.="\n";
}
$filename=$dbname.date('Ymj').".sql";
$fp = fopen($filename,'w');
fputs($fp,$mysql);
fclose($fp);
echo "数据备份成功,生成备份文件".$filename;
?>

第2种方法:

复制代码 代码如下:

<?php
$host="localhost";
$user="root";
$password="";
$dbname="dbname";
backup_tables($host,$user,$password,$dbname);

/* backup the db OR just a table */
function backup_tables($host,$user,$pass,$name,$tables = '*')
{

  $link = mysql_connect($host,$user,$pass);
  mysql_select_db($name,$link);

  //get all of the tables
  if($tables == '*')
  {
    $tables = array();
    $result = mysql_query('SHOW TABLES');
    while($row = mysql_fetch_row($result))
    {
      $tables[] = $row[0];
    }
  }
  else
  {
    $tables = is_array($tables) ? $tables : explode(',',$tables);
  }
  $return = '';
  //cycle through
  foreach($tables as $table)
  {
    $result = mysql_query('SELECT * FROM '.$table);
    $num_fields = mysql_num_fields($result);   
    $return.= 'DROP TABLE '.$table.';';
    $row2 = mysql_fetch_row(mysql_query('SHOW CREATE TABLE '.$table));
    $return.= "\n\n".$row2[1].";\n\n";

    for ($i = 0; $i < $num_fields; $i++)
    {
      while($row = mysql_fetch_row($result))
      {
        $return.= 'INSERT INTO '.$table.' VALUES(';
        for($j=0; $j<$num_fields; $j++)
        {
          $row[$j] = addslashes($row[$j]);
          $row[$j] = ereg_replace("\n","\\n",$row[$j]);
          if (isset($row[$j])) { $return.= '"'.$row[$j].'"' ; } else { $return.= '""'; }
          if ($j<($num_fields-1)) { $return.= ','; }
        }
        $return.= ");\n";
      }
    }
    $return.="\n\n\n";
  }

  //save file
  $handle = fopen('db-backup-'.time().'-'.(md5(implode(',',$tables))).'.sql','w+');
  fwrite($handle,$return);
  fclose($handle);
}
?>

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